10. INDIAN CALENDAR

 

List of Appendixes

Appendix 25. Indian Abrahamic calendar. 2012CE (leap)

Appendix 26. Indian Abrahamic calendar. 2013CE. 27 Yoga & NAKSATRA

 

The committee of the Indian Calendar Reform appointed in 1952 (soon after reception of independence of India), has revealed more than thirty types of calendars for territories of India. The variant ancient India Shalivahana the Calendar has been transformed and accepted as the Indian National calendar in 1957.

Therefore at the heart of a modern National calendar of India the solar Old Indian calendar (ancient the Hindu calendar or the Hindu solar calendar or Shalivahana) and both calendars used in parallel lies till now. The Old Indian calendar has under gone many private changes in process of the regionalization. It have adapted for the national needs and actively use in calendars of Nepal, Bengal, Malazii, Tamilu, Telugi.

The New Year mark annually on April, 14-15th. It means Sun "input" in «Mesha Rashi» and it is marked (is celebrated) as the New Year Assam, Bengal, Orissa, Manipur, Kerala, Punyab, Tamil Nadu and Tripura Myanmar, Cambodia, Laos, Nepal and Thailand. First month of year is of an Old Indian solar calendar April (in Etruscans an equivalent it is month of Love or Venus). Therefore a calendar of India name «a calendar of Love or a calendar of Venus».

 

Month (Sanskrit)

Length

Start date (Gregorian)

Tropical Zodiac

1.Vaishākha

31 days

April

Taurus

2.Jyaishtha

31

May

Gemini

3.Āshādha

31

June

Cancer

4.Shrāvana

31

July

Leo

5.Bhādrapada

31

August

Virgo

6.Āshvini

30

September

Libra

7.Kārtika

30

October

Scorpio

8.Agrahayana

30

November

Sagittarius

9.Pausha

30

December

Capricorn

10.Māgha

30

January

Aquarius

11.Phālguna

30

February

Pisces

12.Chaitra

30/31

March

Aries

 

The first 5 months have stable 31 days. Next 6 months have stable 30 days. Last month year March which in usual year contains 30 days is and in leap year contains 31 days. Thus in leap year of 6 months have for 31 days and 6 months for 30 days exactly. It is a typical analogue calendar. It models movement of the Earth round the Sun: 6 months of summer have for 31 days, and 6 months of winter have for 30 days (winter months in a perigee of an orbit of the Earth more shortly summer in apogee of an orbit of the Earth).

The plane ecliptic in an Old Indian calendar is divided into 27 identical parts [division ecliptic each part has 13 degrees 20', beginning from 0 degrees of the zodiac of the Aries] on (eight hundred arc minutes everyone) = 800’. [«The sum of a longitude of the Sun and a longitude of the Moon which is normalised to value in a range from 0 to 360 degrees (if it more than 360 value is subtracted from it 360) Is considered. This sum shares on 27 parts. Each part of the sum of longitudes will be equal 800'»]

(3600: 27 = 800'1/600 = 13.330). [«1’» - one arc minute «arcminute» that means 1/60 degrees] [10 = 60’ or 1’ = 1/600]

Thus, in an Old Indian calendar the plane ecliptic is divided on 13 full parts [Yogas] and 0.33 = [13 + 0.33 parts] that finds full conformity in 13 months the proposed us of a universal mathematical calendar. [If 3600/13=27.6923076920 ecliptic days or 27 days 16 hours 36.912 minutes it also is 27 full days in integers.]

Each part (yoga) contains on the average 13.5 days (365/27=13.5185 days) or (366/27=13.5555 days). In integers these parts consist or from 13 days, or from 14 days. A perfect analogy with the Chinese semiintervals of "26 Sekki».

These parts which "yogas" are called are marked, as follows:

1.         Viṣkambha.

2.         Prīti

3.         Ā yuśmān

4.         Saubhāgya

5.         Śobhana

6.         Atiga ṇḍ a

7.         Sukarma

8.         Dhṛti

9.         Śūla

10.       Ga ṇḍ a

11.       Vṛddhi

12.       Dhruva

13.       Vyāghatā

14.       Harṣaṇa

15.       Vadzhra

16.       Siddhi

17.       Vyatipāta

18.       Variyas

19.       Parigha

20.       Śiva

21.       Siddha

22.       Sādhya

23.       Śubha

24.       Śukla

25.       Brahma

26.       Māhendra

27.       Vaidhṛti

 

The star sky (star seasons) in Old Indian ecliptic divided into 27 parts-degrees-days [Nakṣatra], each of which the Earth passes really for 27 days and 7 ¾ hours [Nakshatras-division эклиптики, each 13 degrees 20', beginning from 00 zodiacs of the Aries]. The fractional part is compensated by «a leap 28 part» [28 nakṣatra under name Abhijit] which is entered once each four years. In star table №1 in 27 parts of the sky everyone them are resulted in a column on the right.

 

Table No. 1

#

Sanscrit

Malayalamname
മലയാളം

Tamilianname
தமிழ்

Teluguname
తెలుగు

Kannadaname
ಕನ್ನಡ

Western star name

1

Aśvinī
अश्विनी

Ashvati
അശ്വതി

Asvini
அஸ்வினி

Ashwini
అశ్విని

Ashwini
ಅಶ್ವಿನಿ

β и γArietis

2

Bharaṇī
भरणी

Bharaṇi
ഭരണി

Baraṇi
பரணி

Bharani
భరణి

Bharaṇi
ಭರಣಿ

35, 39, и 41Arietis

3

Kṛttikā
कृत्तिका

Kārttika
കാർത്തിക

Kārthikai
கார்த்திகை

Krittika
కృత్తిక

Kruthike
ಕೃತಿಕೆ

Pleads’

4

Rohiṇī
रोहिणी

Rōhiṇi
രോഹിണി

Rōhiṇi
ரோகிணி

Rohini
రోహిణి

Rohini
ರೋಹಿಣಿ

Aldebaran

5

Mṛgaśiras
म्रृगशीर्षा

Makayiram
മകയിരം

Mirugasīridam
மிருகசீரிடம்

Mrugashīra
మృగశిర

Mrugashīra
ಮೃಗಶಿರ

λ, φ Orion

6

Ārdrā
आद्रा

Ātira or Tiruvātira
ആതിര (തിരുവാതിര)

Thiruvādhirai
திருவாதிரை

Arudra
ఆరుద్ర

Aridra
ಆರಿದ್ರ

Betelgeisе

7

Punarvasu
पुनर्वसु

Puṇartam
പുണർതം

Punarpoosam
புனர்பூசம்

Punarvasu
పునర్వసు

Punarvasu
ಪುನರ್ವಸು

Kastor и Polluks

8

Puṣya
पुष्य

Pūyam
പൂയം

Poosam
பூசம்

Pushyami
పుష్యమి

Pushya
ಪುಷ್ಯ

γ, δ и θCancri

9

Aśleṣā
आश्ळेषा / आश्लेषा

Āyilyam
ആയില്യം

Ayilyam
ஆயில்யம்

Āshleshā
ఆశ్లేష

Aslesha
ಆಶ್ಲೇಷ

δ, ε, η, ρ, и σ"

10.

Maghā
मघा

Magama
മകം

Magam
மகம்

Maha
మఖ

Maha
ಮಖ

Regul

11

Pūrva or Pūrva Phalguṇī
पूर्वफाल्गुनी

Pūram
പൂരം

Pooram
பூரம்

Pūrva Phalgunī/Pubba
పూర్వాఫల్గుణి / పుబ్బ

Pubba
ಪುಬ್ಬ

δ и θPapa

12

Uttara or Uttara Phalguṇī
उत्तरफाल्गुनी

Utram
ഉത്രം

Uthiram
உத்திரம்

Utthara Phalgunī/Uttara
ఉత్తరఫల్గుణి / ఉత్తర

Utthara
ಉತ್ತರ

Denebola

13

Hasta
हस्त

Attam
അത്തം

Astham
அஸ்தம்

Hastha
హస్త

Hastha
ಹಸ್ತ

α, β, γ, δ и εCorvi

14

Citrā
चित्रा

Chittira (Chittra)
ചിത്തിര (ചിത്ര)

Chithirai
சித்திரை

Chitta
చిత్త

Chitta
ಚಿತ್ತ

Spica

15

Svāti
स्वाति

Chōti
ചോതി

Arjun
சுவாதி

Свати
స్వాతి

Arjun
ಸ್ವಾತಿ

Arctur

16

Viśākha
विशाखा

Vishākham
വിശാഖം

Visakam
விசாகம்

Vishākhā
విశాఖ

Vishakhe
ವಿಶಾಖೆ

α, β, γиιLibrae

17

Anurādhā
अनुराधा

Anizham
അനിഴം

Anusham
அனுஷம்

Anurādhā
అనూరాధ

Anuradha
ಅನುರಾಧ

β, δиπScorpionis

18

Jyeṣṭha
ज्येष्ठा

Kēṭṭa (Trikkēṭṭa)
കേട്ട (തൃക്കേട്ട)

Kettai
கேட்டை

Dzhjeshtha

జ్యేష్ఠ

Jyesta
ಜ್ಯೇಷ್ಠ

α, σ, иτScorpionis

19

Mūla
मूल/मूळ

Mūlam
മൂലം

Mūlam
மூலம்

Mūla
మూల

*
ಮೂಲ

ε, ζ, η, θ, ι, κ, λ, μ и νScorpionis

20

Pūrvāṣāḍha
पूर्वाषाढा

Pūrāṭam
പൂരാടം

Pūradam
பூராடம்

Pūrva Ashādhā
పూర్వాషాఢ

Poorvashada
ಪೂರ್ವಾಷಾಢ

δ и εSagittarii

21

Uttarāṣāḍha
उत्तराषाढा

Utrāṭam
ഉത്രാടം

Uthirādam
உத்திராடம்

Uttara Ashādhā
ఉత్తరాషాఢ

Uttharashada
ಉತ್ತರಾಷಾಢ

ζ и σSagittarii

22

Śravaṇa
श्रवण

Tiruvōnam
ഓണം (തിരുവോണം)

Tiruvōnam
திருவோணம்

Shravanam

శ్రవణం

Shravana
ಶ್ರವಣ

α, β и γEagle

23

Śraviṣṭhā or Dhaniṣṭha
शरववषठ् or धनधषठष

Aviṭṭam
അവിട്ടം

Aviṭṭam
அவிட்டம்

Dhanishta
ధనిష్ఠ

Dhanishta
ಧನಿಷ್ಠ

α в δ Delphinus

24

Śatabhiṣak or Śatatārakā
शतभिषक् / शततारका

Chatayam
ചതയം

Sadayam
சதயம்

Shatabhishām
శతభిషం

shathabhisha
ಶತಭಿಷ

γAquarius

25

Pūrva Bhādrapadā
पूर्वभाद्रपदा / पूर्वप्रोष्ठपदा

Pūruruṭṭāti
പൂരുരുട്ടാതി

Pūraṭṭādhi
பூரட்டாதி

Pūrva Bhādra
పూర్వాభాద్ర

poorvabadhra
ಪೂರ್ವಾಭಾದ್ರ

α и βPegas’

26

Uttara Bhādrapadā
उत्तरभाद्रपदा / उत्तरप्रोष्ठपदा

Uttṛṭṭāti
ഉത്രട്ടാതി

Uttṛṭṭādhi
உத்திரட்டாதி

Utthara Bhādra
ఉత్తరాభాద్ర

Uttharabadhra
ಉತ್ತರಾಭಾದ್ರ

γPegas’ & αAndromedae

27

Revatī
रेवती

Rēvati
രേവതി

Rēvathi
ரேவதி

Rēvati
రేవతి

Revati
ರೇವತಿ

ζ Piscium

 

There is an obvious conformity between yogas and star parts ecliptic [Nakṣatra].

 

The Old Indian calendar consists of 6 seasons of year (on 2 zodiacal signs in everyone). It is: Spring (the Aries and a Taurus).

Summer or Hot season (Twins and the Cancer).

Monsoons or the season of rains (the Lion and the Maiden).

Autumn (Scales and the Scorpion).

Winter I (the Sagittarius and the Capricorn).

Winter II or the Cold season (the Aquarius and Fishes).

 

On months of year of 6 seasons of year are distributed as follows:

(Rāśi)
Saura Māsa
(solar month)

Ṛtu
(
season)

Kannadaname

Tamilianname

Gregorian Tropical months

SydericVedaZodiac

Meṣa

Vasanta
(
spring)

ವಸಂತಋತು

இளவேனில்

March-April

Aries

Vṛṣabha

April-May

Taurus

Mithuna

Grīṣma
(
summer)

ಗ್ರೀಷ್ಮಋತು

முதுவேனில்

May-June

Gemini

Karkaṭa

June-July

Cancer

Siṃha

Varṣā
(
Musson)

ವರ್ಷಋತು

கார்

July-August

Leo

Kanyā

August-September

Maiden

Tulā

Śarad
(
Autumn)

ಶರದೃತು

கூதிர்

September-October

Libra

Vṛścika

October-November

Scorpio

Dhanu

Hemanta
(
Winter)

ಹೇಮಂತಋತು

முன்பனி

November-December

Sagittarius

Makara

December-January

Capricornum

Kumbha

Śiśira
(
Cold)

ಶಿಶಿರಋತು

பின்பனி

January-February

Aquarius

Mīna

February-March

Fishes

 

Calendar Cycle from 60 years (a perfect analogy with a 60-year-old cycle of a calendar of China).

Every year an Old Indian calendar has an own name within the limits of the repeating cyclically 60-year-old period, named «Samvatsaras»:

  1. Prabhava

  2. Vibhava

  3. Shukla

  4. Pramoda

  5. Prajāpati

  6. Āngirasa

  7. Shrīmukha

  8. Bhāva

  9. Yuva

10. Dhātri

11. Īshvara

12. Bahudhānya

13. Pramādhi

14. Vikrama (2000-2001 гг.)

15. Vrisha (2001-02 гг.)

16. Chitrabhānu (2002-03 гг.)

17. Svabhānu (2003-04)

18. Tārana (2004-05 гг.)

19. Pārthiva (2005-06)

20. Vyaya (2006-2007 гг.)

21. Sarvajeeth (2007-08)

22. Sarvadhāri (2008-09)

23. Virodhi (2009-10)

24. Vikrita (2010-11 гг.)

25. Dhara (2011-12)

26. Nandana (2012-13)

27. Vidjaya (2013-14)

28. Djaya

29. Manmadha

30. Durmukhi

31. Hevilambi

32. Vilambi

33. Vikāri

34. Shārvari

35. Plava

36. Shubhakruti

37. Sobhakruthi

38. Krodhi

39. Vishvāvasu

40. Parābhava

41. Plavanga

42. Kīlaka

43. Somia

44. Sādhārana

45. Virodhikruthi

46. Paridhāvi

47. Pramādicha

48. Ānanda

49. Rākshasa

50. Anala

51. Pingala

52. Kālayukthi

53. Siddhārthi

54. Raudra

55. Durmathi

56. Dundubhi

57. Rudhirodgāri

58. Raktākshi

59. Krodhana

60. Akshaya

 

Luni-solar Old Indian calendar

The New Year in a luni-solar calendar always will coincide the happy New Year in the Solar calendar. When the new moon appears before sunrise in day this day is considered the first put lunar month. Thus the end of lunar month always coincides with a new moon (or if consider from a full moon to a full moon that same).

Each lunar month shares on two half: the first begins the very next day after approach of a full moon and is called as "a darkening half», and the second begins with a new moon and is called as "a brightening half». Within each half of abacus of days it is conducted from 1 to 15.

Lunar month consists of 29 or 30 days. Therefore Lunar year for 11 days is shorter than the solar. And every 3 year it is necessary to compensate missing 33 days by introduction additional "superfluous" or "leap" 13th month.

[This additional month, or adhika māsa (māsa = lunar month in this context) is necessary once each 3 years. It also is known as puruśottama māsa. This month is considered «wrong or dirty». On this prejudice recommend necessarily well to wash within this month in a bath or in a pond or other reservoir to wash off all "sins".]

 

Gold, Silver, Bronze and Iron Epoch of an Old Indian calendar

The Iron epoch [Kali Yuga] consists of 432 thousand years. The Bronze epoch [Dvāpara Yuga] doubles an epoch of Iron and consists of 864 thousand years. The Silver epoch [Krita Yuga or Satya Yuga] consists from the trebled epoch of Iron - 1 million 296 thousand years. The Gold epoch - consists from 4 epoch of Iron and also consists of 1 million 728 thousand years. The sum of these years of entre (whole) epoch gives Epohu Chatur-Jugi [Chaturyuga] and consists of 4 million 320 thousand years.

Two thousand Chatur-Jugi [2000*4.32 million years = 8.64 billion years] is only 1 days [one day and one night] Creator Brahmy [Brahmā]. Founder Brahma lives such 100 years till such 360 days in each such year that is more than 300 billion years [311.040 bln. years].

God Brahma has told it «was dissolved in that Eternity which he has created in Eternal Spirit - Paramātman». [He (the creator) lives for 100 years of 360 such days and at the end he is said to dissolve along with his entire Creation into the Eternal Soul or Paramātman.]

Calculation of years on an Era «vicram samvat» begins with 57 BCE, hence, 1970 of our calendar corresponds to 2026-2027 samvat a calendar.

In a southern part of the country the big distribution has a civil calendar of Saka in which has begun accounts of years goes since March, 15th 78 CE. The New Year on it mark about April, 12th with a divergence in two-three days. 1970 of our calendar corresponds to 1892 - 1893 of a calendar of Saka.

In India long time other were applied also an Era as for example an era by Kalijuga who originates since February, 18th 3102 BCE;

Era the Nirvana which conducts the account with 543 BCE - prospective date of death Buddha Sakja-Muni.

The era by Fazli - one of last historical Era in India was applied also. It has been entered by padishah Akbarom (1542-1606), but it used only in official documents. An epoch of this Era is date on September, 10th 1550 CE.

 

The Gregorian year 2000 CE corresponds, according to following epoch Hindu calendar

1. Year 5101 in Kali-jugi a calendar;

2. Year 2544 in the Buddha the Nirvana a calendar;

3. Year 2543 during the Buddhist Era to (BE) the Thai Solar calendar

4. 2057 in Bikram Samvat a calendar;

5. Year 1922 in Saka a calendar;

6. 1921 (it is shown from the point of view 5-annual cycles) Vedanga Jyotisa a calendar;

7. Year 1407 in the Bengalese calendar;

8. Year 1362 in the Burmese Calendar;

9. Year 514 in Gaurabda Gaudija a calendar;

10. Year 1176 in Malajalam a calendar or Kolla Varsham a calendar.

 

Transformation of date from the Indian calendar B.C. demands difficult calculations. To receive approximately year in dates of the general era (CE) it is necessary to consider that:

Chaitradi Vikram (in the past): chajtra-Pausha: to subtract 57; Pausha-Phalguna: to subtract 56.

• Shaka: to add 78-79

•Kalachuri: to add 248-249

• Gupta/Valabhi: to add 319-320

• Bangla: to add 593-594

• Vera Nirvana Samvat: to subtract 527-526

• Udhishthira Samvat: to Subtract 3101 (Rise of the Lord of Krishna at the age of 125) from the general era

• Shri Krishna Samvat: to Subtract 3226 (the Birth of Lord Shri of Krishna) from the general era

•Balabhi Samvat: to add 320 B.C.

 

11 types of calendar cycles in India:

60-year-old cycle

•1 year

•6 seasons of year

• about 60 days (2 months) in a season

•1 month (lunar)

•2 pakshas in a month, Shukla (wax) and Krishna (decreasing)

•15 tithis in paksha (1-14, 15-Purnima or amavasya)

•60 ghatikas (either 30 muhurtas or 8 praharas) in the 24-sentry the period (ahoratra).

•30 Kala (approximately) in 1 muhurta

•30 Kastha in 1 Kala

•15 Nimisha in 1 kastha

Synchronisation with solar сидерическим demands the additive of 1 month once in three years year. This "superfluous" month is called, "Adhik Weights" (additional month). This additional month is called is small masa (dirty month) in East India.


 

Names of days of week in the Indian calendar does not differ from the standard Western sample:

 

The Sanskrit name of the day
(The day begins with Sunrise)

Kannada name

Tamilian name

English and Latin names (The day begins at 00:00Hrs)

Celestial object

1

Ravivāsara
रविवासर

Bhanuvaara
ಭಾನುವಾರ

Nyayiru
ஞாயிறு

Sunday/ dies Solar

 Ravi = Solar

2

Soma vāsara
सोमवासर

Somavaara
ಸೋಮವಾರ

Thingal
திங்கள்

Monday/ dies Lunae

Soma = Moon

3

Maṅgala vāsara
मंगलवासर

Mangalavaara
ಮಂಗಳವಾರ

Chevvai
செவ்வாய்

Tuesday/ dies Martis

Maṅgala = Mars

4

Buddha vāsara
बुधवासर

Budavaara
ಬುಧವಾರ

Sychev
புதன்

Wednesday/ dies Mercury

Buddha = Mercuty

5

Guru vāsara
गुरुवासर
or
Brhaspati vāsara
बृहस्पतिवासरः

Guruvaara
ಗುರುವಾರ

Vyazhan
வியாழன்

Thursday / dies Iovis

Deva-Guru Bṛhaspati = Jupiter

6

Śukra vāsara
शुक्रवासर

Shukravaara
ಶುಕ್ರವಾರ

Velli
வெள்ளி்

Friday/ dies Veneris

Śukra = Venus

7

Śani vāsara
शनिवासर

Shanivaara
ಶನಿವಾರ

Sani
சனி

Saturday/ dies Saturnis

Śani = Saturn

 

The committee of the Indian Calendar Reform appointed in 1952 (soon after independence of India) has offered the transformed variant Old Indian calendar Shalivahana the Calendar as the Indian National calendar in 1957. Under the decision of the government for the civil and public purposes it has been accepted in India since March, 22nd, 1957. For performance of religious practices it was not forbidden to use local calendars.

          All "transformation" consisted that professor Meghnada Sakha has rearranged month Chaitra (March) from the last place to the first placebefore a month Vaishākha (April).

 

It has been made by it somehow to compensate an error of the Old (Ancient) Indian calendar in 22-23 days which has collected for 1600 years from 412 years CE [2012CE - 412CE = 1600 years] uses of star (Galactic) year instead of tropical year which is longer tropical for 20.4 minutes and under the modern data makes 365.2563630 average days [1 days for everyone 70.5 (444) years: 1600years / 70.5 (444) years = 22.6807514 (1329432) days]. (See Chapter 5, more in detail.) 

 

Months of the reformed Indian calendar professor Meghnada Sakha:

number of the month

The name of the month

Number of days in a month

Correspond to the dates of the Gregorian calendar

1

Chaitra (March)

30/31

22 March-20 April

2

Vaisakha (April)

31

21 April-21 May

3

Džanštha (May)

31

22 May-21 June

4

Asadha (June)

31

22 June-22 July

5

Sravana (July)

31

23 July-22 August

6

Bhadra (August)

31

23 August-22 September

7

Azvina (August)

30

23 September-22 October

8

Kartika (October)

30

23 October-21 November

9

Agrahajana (November)

30

22 November-21 December

10

Pause (December)

30

22 December-20 January

11

Magha (January)

30

21 January-19 February

12

Phalguna (February)

30

20 February-20 March

 

Therefore today New year in India on a new national calendar begins year from the date of a spring equinox following day that corresponds to the first date of Chaitra. In leap year it coincides with March, 21st, and in simple - with March, 22nd, that is attacks 1 day after Day of the Spring equinox. Nevertheless, it in a root incorrectly name "Iranian". Actually it only outwardly something reminds the Iranian calendar of the Omar Khayyam and is "pseudo-Iranian". In practice it the same Gregorian calendar only with other point of the beginning of the New Year.

The following rule is applied to definition of leap-year: by a year of an Era Saka it is necessary to add number 78 and if the received sum shares on 4 without the rest year - leap. So, year 1890 Era Saka, corresponding 1968-1969 CE satisfies to the specified rule as the sum 1890 + 78 = 1968 shares without the rest on 4. Each next fourth year, i.e. 1894, 1898, 1902 etc., also will be leap.

However if after addition by a year of an Era Saka of number 78 the sum appears multiple 100 this year will be leap only in the event that the sum shares without the rest on 400. The similar rule is applied in a Gregorian calendar for century years. This compilation reform was considered in India as the intermediate action necessary for streamlining of a calendar question now and for transition further to the more general calendar convenient for application in scales of all globe.

The wide circulation has also a traditional Gregorian calendar which in India began to apply since 1757 CE. Now almost all published books, magazines and newspapers are dated a Gregorian calendar, but often there is a double dating: on a Gregorian calendar and on local, civil.

Our offer on transfer of an analogue 12-month's Indian calendar in a uniform modern universal digital mathematical calendar consists in the following.

1). We add 13-month in "an Old Indian" calendar under the name "Buddha" (the zodiac of "Serpentarius"):

2). All year is in addition broken into 27 parts (for star seasons) on system «Yoga and Naksatra [Yoga and Nakṣatra]». Odd parts contain for 14 days, and even - for 13 days. In leap year 24 part [shchukla-shchatabhiak] has 14 days instead of 13 days in usual year.

 

Month

(Sanskrit)

Length month

Start date

(Gregorian)

Tropical Zodiac

1 [IV] Vaishākha

28 days

April (April,30)

Taurus

2 [V] Jyaishtha

28

May (May,31)

Gemini

3 [VI] Āshādha

28

June (June,30)

Cancer

4 [VII] Shrāvana

28

July (July,31)

Leo

5 [VIII] Bhādrapada

28

August (August,31)

Virgo

6 [IX] Āshvini

28

September (September,30)

Libra

7 [X] Kārtika

28

October (October,31)

Scorpio

8 [XI] Buddha

28

 

Serpentarius

9 [XII] Agrahayana

28

November (November,30)

Sagittarius

10 [XIII] Pausha

29-30

December (December,31)

Capricorn

11 [I] Māgha

28

January (January,31)

Aquarius

12 [II] Phālguna

28

February (February,28-29)

Pisces

13 [III] Chaitra

28

March (March,31)

Aries

 

11. TRANSFORMATION OF THE ORIGINAL MATRIX OF THE MAYA CALENDAR (SIRIUS) IN UNIVESAL ABRAHAMIC MATRIX

List of Appendixes

Appendix 30. Maya Calendar Abrahamic. 2012CE. (Leap)

Appendix 31. Maya Calendar Abrahamic. 2013CE

 

 

Compliance with the HAAB calendar months modern calendar

(true to the period from March 2008 to February 2012)[i]

1

Pop: 3 April-22 April (X)

10

Yashj: 30 September-19 October (IV)

2

Vo: 23 April-12 May

11

Sak: 20 October-8 November

3

Sip: 13 May-1 June (XI)

12

Kech: 9 November-28 November (V)

4

Sots: 2 June-21 June (XII)

13

Mak: 29 Novembre-18 décembre (VI)

5

Sek: 22 June-11 July

14

Kankin: 19 December-7 January

6

Shul: 12 July-31 July (I)

15

Muan: 8 January-27 January (VII)

7

Yakshin: 1 August-20 August (II)

16

Pash: 28 January-16 February (VIII)

8

Molj: 21 August-9 September

17

Kajyab: 17 February-8 March

9

Chen: 10 September-29 September (III)

18

Kumchu: 9 March-28 March (IX)

 

19

Vajeb: 29 March-2 April

The matrix of an original calendar of Maya contains 13 days in each of 28 weeks in a year (13*28=364 day). In a year 7 full months for 4 weeks in a month turn out. Month contains 52 days (4 weeks * 13 days in a week = 52 days). Every quarter contains 7 weeks (28 weeks in a year: 4 = 7 weeks) and in each quarter on 91 day (7 weeks in a quarter * 13 days in a week =91 day).

Universal Abrahamic the matrix (UM) contains 13 months for 28 days in a month (13 months * 28 days in a month = 364 days). Each week contains for 7 days (28 days in a month: 4 weeks = 7 days in a week). Every year contains 52 weeks (4 weeks in a month for 13 months in a year = 52 weeks). Every quarter contains for 13 weeks (52 weeks in a year: 4 = 13 weeks). Every quarter contains on 91 day (13 weeks in a quarter * 7 days in a week = 91 day).

In both matrixes the same combinations of figures contain and in them the number of days in each quarter, to equal 91 day coincides. Therefore both matrixes are absolutely compatible. The original matrix of a calendar of Maya is easily transformed in universal Abramam a matrix.

Each 52 years in a cycle of the ritual calendar Maya waited for the Doomsday and destruction. This event took place on 9 times for each calendar cycle in 5125 years.

The calendar of Maya is in incomplete opposition to a calendar of Chinaby date of the New Year. The full opposition makes half-year, that is or two full quarters (13+13=26 weeks or 91+91=182 day). The incomplete opposition makes 24 weeks and 4 days (does not suffice to full opposition of 1 week and 3 days).

The second quarter of a calendar of Maya comes to an end 28 AquariusUM last day month of "January", and the third quarter begins in the first day of next month 1 PiscesUM that can render in practice a competition to convenience of use to date of the world financial reporting on a calendar of China.

Modified Kalendar Maya is very convenient at planning of space flights as its day of New Year is necessary on 12 VirgoUM, that is for date heliacal rising of Sirius (26 July VG) on the Gregorian calendar. Astronaut Armstrong left on the Moon 6 VirgoUM (20 July VG, 1969). [Date of the New Year always is necessary or on 11 VirgoUM in usual year, or on 12 VirgoUM in leap-years. Therefore in usual years on 11 and 12 VirgoUM falls on July, 26th and 27 on the Gregorian calendar, and falls on July, 25th and 26 in leap-years. Therefore both days: both 11, and 12 VirgoUM are days of celebrating of the New Year on a calendar of Maya. On one of these days always comes «on July, 26th», that is date heliacal rising of a star Sirius.]

It is important to underline that all program of flights "Apollo" on the Moon was focused NASA by date of еру New Year modified calendar Maya that is by date of an ascension of a star Sirius over horizon of a planet the Earth.

"Apollo-11" started 16 JulyVG 1969. The Moon landing has occurred 20 JulyVG 1969. Landing to the Earth has finished expedition of 24 JulyVG 1969.)

Besides disassembled above a calendar in 364 days, Maya used «3» more calendars: two ecliptic (short «Tzolk'in» for 260 days-degrees, consisting or from 20 weeks for 13 days, or from 13 months for 20 days, and long, under the name "Tun", for 360 days-degrees, consisting of 18 months for 20 days), and also one real, consisting of 365 usual days under the name "Haab" ("Tun" +5 days =360+5 days=365 days). Leap years (365+1=366 days) Maya had no.

They corrected (synchronised) the beginning of the annual account (the first day of the New Year) calendar every year on the moments of the Equinox in the Autumn and in the Spring. Lines of their observatories are located precisely from the East on the West.)

The calendar Maya has five units of measure of time.

1). The Time interval (baktun) contains 144 000 days.

2). The Time interval (katu) contains 7200 days.

3). The Time interval (tun) contains 360 days.

4). The Time interval (uinal) contains 20 days.

5). The Time interval (kin) contains 1 days.

The formula of a full cycle of a calendar Mayя contains 5 figures which are summarised among themselves: [number of days in baktuns] + [number of days in katus] + [number of days in tuns] + [number of days in uinals] + [number of days in kins].

Under this formula-code the calendar Maya writes down duration of the full cycle, as:

13.0.0.0.0. = [13x144 000] + [0 х 7200] + [0 х 360] + [0 х 20] + [0 х 1] =

=1 872 000 days / 365.2421875 days/god=5125.366302325084 of years or = 5125 years 4 months 11.077581228224 days.

Thus, the calendar cycle of Maya comes to an end on May, 12th, 2013.

 

The following (next) calendar cycle of the Uniform calendar offered by us for the Earth and Space on the basis of the universal digital matrix begins since May, 13th, 2013.

Our offer on transfer of an analogue 12-month's calendar of Maya in a modern uniform universal 13-month's digital mathematical calendar consists in the following.

We add 13-month in "an ancient" calendar of Maya under the name "Maya" (the zodiac of "Serpentarius"): [in square brackets numbers of a universal matrix] are specified:

 

(1) [VIII] Shul: August Virgo [Maiden] (28 days)

(2) [IX] Yakshin: September Libra [Scales] (28 days)

(3) [X] Chen: October Scorpio [Scorpion] (28 days)

(4 [XI] Maya Serpentarius [Serpentarius] (28 days)

(5) [XII] Yashj: November Sagittarius [Sagittarius] (28 days)

(6) [XIII] Kech: December Capricorn [Capricorn] (29-30 days)

(7) [I] Mak: January Aquarius [Aquarius] (28 days)

(8) [II] Muan: February Pisces [Fishes] (28 days)

(9) [III] Pash: March Aries [Aries] (28 days)

(10) [IV] Kumchu: April Taurus [Taurus] (28 days)

(11) [V] Pop: May Gemini [Twins] (28 days)

(12) [VI] Sip: June Cancer [Cancer] (28 days)

(13) [VII] Sots: July Leo [Lion] (28 days)}