9. TROPICAL YEAR [ON TROPIC OF CANCER OR ON TROPIC OF CAPRICORN] AND EQUALLY EFFECTIVE YEAR (OR EQUINOCTAL OR EQUATORIAL) YEAR [ON EQUATOR]

The sun in Zenith (when its beams are perpendicular surfaces of the Earth) a current of year moves between two extreme borders. Tropic of Cancer serves in Northern hemisphere - as this border (or Northern Tropic) in day of the Summer solstice, and Tropic of Capricorn serves in Southern hemisphere as this border (or the Southern Tropic) in day of the Winter solstice. Twice within a year the Sun crosses Equator, being over it in Zenith in day Spring and in day of the Autumn equinox. In points of the Spring and Autumn equinox days share it is exact half-and-half, that is are Day and night equal among themselves on duration (for 12 hours) [from here and the name "equinox"].

In turn, days of solstices are direct function of an angle of slope of an axis of rotation of the Earth to a plane of its rotation on an orbit. The terrestrial axis is inclined to an orbit plane at an angle 66°33’ [or that the same is rejected from a vertical on (900 - 66°33’ = 23027’)]. This inclination causes revolutions of the season. Graphically, considering rotation of the Earth about the axis is the line close to a sinusoid.

But it is not a correct sinusoid as the Earth is not a correct sphere: it compressed. Poles are is more close to each other, than points on equator. The length of a circle at width of Tropics of Cancer and the Capricorn by definition is shorter than length of a circle at zero width of Equator in a greater degree, than if it there was correct "absolutely rigid sphere, instead of real «puff similar to the ball» with district speed of rotation of each layer different, most likely.

As a result Tropical year [time between two consecutive days of the Summer solstice on Tropic of Cancer in Northern hemisphere (or time between two consecutive days of the Winter solstice on Tropic of Capricorn in Southern hemisphere)] appears more shortly Equatorial (or Equinoctal) year [time between two consecutive days of the Spring or Autumn equinox].

Tropical year is equal 365.2421875 days, and Equinoctal (or Equatorial) year is equal 365.2424000 days. Year on the Tropic of an extreme (boundary) solstice is not equal in a corresponding hemisphere to year on Equator.

Therefore we can ascertain with some surprise that ostensibly tropical year [that is year on tropic of Cancer or the Capricorn on points of the Summer and Winter solstice] incorrectement to define, «as [time] period between two consecutive passages by the Sun of the same point of an equinox [that is as year on equator on points of the Spring and Autumn equinox]» though this paradox does not keep within in any way never no in one rational head and, maybe, transition on offered uniform for the Earth and Space active digital universal 13-month's purely tropical calendar will relieve Mankind of this "paradox" once and for all

[The modern science considers that «Tropical year often define as an average interval between two consecutive passages of the Sun through a point of a spring equinox that is not trueas points of equinoxes and solstices are displaced from each other because of indignation of planets» (see Jean Meeus and Denis Savoie, «The history of the tropical year», Journal of the British Astronomical Association 102(1992) 40-42).] [i]

http://sfw.so/uploads/posts/2010-03/1269100177_equinox.png

Fig. 7

 


 

EQUALLY EFFECTIVE (EQUINOCTAL OR EQUATORIAL) YEAR [ON EQUATOR] 365.2424000 days (on days Spring [on March, 21st] or the Autumn Equinox [on September, 21st]) when the plane ecliptic is crossed with a plane of heavenly equator.

Fig. 8.


http://www.supercook.ru/images-skazki-vypusk/shema-slav-01.jpg

Fig. 9

 

TROPICAL YEAR [ON the CANCER TROPIC], 365.2421875 days (on days of the Summer solstice [on June, 21st]), Sun Zenith on northern tropic of Cancer. The longest day and the shortest night in Northern hemisphere. The longest night and the shortest day in Southern hemisphere.

TROPICAL YEAR [ON THE TROPIC OF THE CAPRICORN], 365.2421875 days (on days of the Winter solstice [on December, 22nd]), Sun Zenith on southern tropic of Capricorn. The longest day and the shortest night in Southern hemisphere. The longest night and the shortest day in Northern hemisphere.


 

http://static9.depositphotos.com/1232814/1174/v/950/depositphotos_11749046-Season-on-planet-earth-Equinox-and-solstice-Polar-night-Midnight-sun-Sun-day-autumn-equinox.jpg

Fig. 10


 

http://www.rageboy.com/images/equinoxp1_orman.jpg

The sun ascends precisely in the east and Day Autumn (on September, 21st) and Spring (on March, 21st) equinoxes (the channel is laid precisely from the East on the West).

 


 

http://banana.by/uploads/posts/2010-12/1291794557_manhattanhenge_17.jpg

The sun of Manhattan ascends precisely in the east. It is possible to observe this phenomenon only two times a year, in days of the Spring (on March, 21st) and Autumn (on September, 21st) equinox when the plane ecliptic is crossed with a plane of heavenly equator.


 

http://www.hullumaja.com/files/pictures/2011/01/25/KOcIohkbTx.jpg

The sun of Manhattan ascends precisely in the east. It is possible to observe this phenomenon only two times a year, in days of the Spring (on March, 21st) and Autumn (on September, 21st) equinox when the plane ecliptic is crossed with a plane of heavenly equator.


 

http://www.infohome.com.ua/news/8068/img_8068_7.jpg

The sun of Manhattan ascends precisely in the east. It is possible to observe this phenomenon only two times a year, in days of the Spring (on March, 21st) and Autumn (on September, 21st) equinox when the plane ecliptic is crossed with a plane of heavenly equator.


 

http://geology.csupomona.edu/drjessey/class/gsc101/seasons.gif

 

Fig. 11

 


 

http://razvod-info.ru/upload/blogs/edd63ae7ee0adf3f8616f926d90392dd.jpg

 

Fig. 12


 

http://survincity.ru/wp-content/uploads/HLIC/973b703a6f9f85e672c982a7d16fedcb.jpg

Fig. 13

 


 

http://image.tsn.ua/media/images2/585xX/Sep2012/383666972.jpg

The sun ascends precisely in the east and Day Autumn (on September, 21st) and Spring (on March, 21st) equinoxes when the plane ecliptic is crossed with a plane of heavenly equator.


 

чичен-ица

Mexico. The Pyramid-observatory of Maya (a pyramid of Kukulkan)


 

http://stat20.privet.ru/lr/0b25ad615b416da071d059798e71e0a4

Mexico. The Pyramid-observatory of Maya (a pyramid of Kukulkan) [analogue of an ancient Babylon tower-observatory on the American continent] in Day Autumn (on September, 21st) and Spring (on March, 21st) equinoxes appears located precisely in the area of sunrise in the east. [Autumnal Equinox at Chichen]


 

http://www.toltec.me/wp-content/uploads/2011/03/chichen-itza-equinox.jpg

Mexico. There is Pyramid-observatory of Maya (a pyramid of Kukulkan). An equinox a holiday is during the Equinox in Chichen Ittsa.


 

http://travel.aviastar.org/america/mexico/mexico_37.jpg

{ The pyramid-observatory (pyramid of Kukulkan) is Kalendar Maya in a stone. From each of 4 parts of the world there is a ladder march from below to the very top (on 91 steps-days that makes full quarter of year, and 4 quarters together contain all 364 days of year), the top platform of the Pyramid corresponds to last 365 days of year. Leap-years in a calendar at Maya was not.}


 

http://mayan-civilizat.at.ua/_ph/1/2/97280136.jpg

Pyramid-observatory of Maya (pyramid of Kukulkan). Sacred Snake [Serpent] Quetzalcoatl or the Feathery Dragon. An equinox. The Dragon-Quetzalcoatl "has arrived" (the shade see a wall).

In days of spring and autumn equinoxes (on March, 21st and on September, 21st) approximately at three o'clock in the afternoon sun beams shine the western balustrade of the main ladder of a pyramid in such a manner that light and a shade form the image of seven isosceles triangles making, in turn, a body thirty-seven meters of a snake, "creeping" in process of sun movement to own head which has been cut out in the basis of a ladder.);

[Chicheìn-Itsaì (spain. Chichén Itzá, astr. Chichen Itzā) - the political and cultural centre Maya in the north of peninsula Yucatan (Mexico). The sacred city of the people of Itsa, is located in 120 kilometers to the east from the city of Merida, capital of Yucatan, Mexico.]


 

Кецалькоатль

Sacred Serpent Quetzalcoatl head is in the Pyramid basis.


 

http://www.kadinpasaj.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/12/maya-takvimi.jpg

The calendar of Maya which is has been cut out in a stone. The beginning: since August, 13th 3113 year BCE.


 

http://yes.cn.ua/uploads/posts/2013-01/yes.cn.ua_samye-vliyatelnye-astronomicheskie-sobytiya-2013-goda_7.jpeg

Megalithic an observatory is in a Stonehenge (Great Britain). The Sun line in days of Spring and Autumn equinoxes passes precisely to packing of stones in this ancient observatory of the Stone Age when the plane ecliptic is crossed with a plane of heavenly equator.


 

http://stonehengenews.files.wordpress.com/2012/09/stonehenge-autumn-equinox-2012-641.jpg

Megalithic an observatory is in a Stonehenge (Great Britain). The Sun line in days of Spring and Autumn equinoxes passes precisely to packing of stones in this ancient observatory of the Stone Age when the plane ecliptic is crossed with a plane of heavenly equator.


 

http://eden-saga.com/img/images/autumn-equinox-avebury543px.gif

Megalithic observatory is of Avebury Henge - Eden Saga, analogue of the Megalithic observatory in a Stonehenge. The procession of people has come to celebrate Day of the Autumn equinox. The sunrise line is located precisely from the East on the West in the area of packing of huge stones [Avebury Henge - Eden Saga. Procession at the autumnal equinox is in Avebury Henge].


 

http://radigash.org.ua/_ph/1/778691323.jpg

Megalithic observatory is of Avebury Henge - Eden Saga. Sunrise precisely in the east in Day of the Spring and Autumn equinox when the plane ecliptic is crossed with a plane of heavenly equator.

 

10. REFINED HISTORICAL CALENDAR SCALE

We state estimation to a substantiation of theoretical "point of support" of the New calendar of Mankind. We correctly calculate dates of the First (Bible) Flood in 2396 WC = 3113 BCE, the Second (Dardanelle) Flood and destruction of "Atlantis" in 4189 - 4190 WC = 1320-1321 BCE.

Date of creation of the First Dynasty of Pharaohs in 2728 WC = 2781 BCE, as the beginning of board Menes, the first Pharaoh in the history of Egypt (instead of in 3400 years BCE - as this date is not entered in any way in Sothic a cycle which gives only two comprehensible variants: either 2781 BCE or 4241 BCE).

The Egyptian capture of Jews took place in 1876 BCE, and date of their Exodus from Egypt falls on 4063 WC = 1446 BCE. Thereupon date of the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ for Judaic Passover 5509WC = 1 CE is precisely calculated also. Calendar time of existence of Mankind is estimated in 7521 year.

In drawing 13 we see three "unique" (allocated with red color) points in space. "The unique" star sky is in 5508 year BCE. On one line "is unique" were built: 1) northern pole ecliptic (a motionless point of space or a centre point precession), 2) a point through which took place at that time an axis of rotation of the Earth (a pole of the world which for 25750 makes a complete revolution precession movements as a top-July), and 3) the brightest star of northern hemisphere Arthur. The period size precession in different sources is given various (with various approach, probably, in a kind of that is considered, it does not bear any practical loading for usual people).

In one sources duration of the period is approximated to 26 thousand years. In others - it is given 25800. The most exact value of the period прецессии for today's time makes 25750.

Tunaev Andrey Alexandrovich confirms: «knowing that in 2002 the next change Eras has taken place - the era of Fishes was replaced by an Era of the Aquarius, - we without effort can count up that, what event is necessary for date« 5508 years BCE », and also define, when there was a date of" world creation». Duration of one era makes 25750/12 = 2145.8 (3). The previous change - an Era of the Aries an era of Fishes - has taken place 2002 – 2145.8 (3) = 143.8 (3) year BCE.

It is important to pay attention to critical dates Sothic of cycles in a calendar history of Mankind (heliacal cycles of a star Sirius) which had consistently:

Further, 143.8 (3) year BCE it is necessary to subtract duration of three from date consecutive Eras, that is: 143.8 (3) year BCE - 3 х 2145.8 (3) = BCE the Received date is 6581, (3) year a date changes of an era of the Cancer by an Era of Twins. To calculate date of creation of the world, it is necessary to find a zenith point that is date of the middle of an Era of Twins (Janus point). For this purpose it is necessary to subtract half of duration of an Era of Twins, that is 6581, (3) year from the turned out value BCE – 1072.9 = 5508.4 (3) BCE ».

 

9_sotvorenie-mira2-

 

Fig. 14

 

This proof of date «World creation» does not differ correctness, but it the only thing, therefore we have resulted it completely. Thereupon we this date «5508 BCE» name "phantom" or "seeming".

On key sothic 139 CE concerning which the Roman philologist Censorious informs that heliacal the ascension of the Star-dog (Sirius) in 139 CE has coincided with the first day of the Egyptian calendar. The Alexandria mathematician Feon specifies that previous «Great Sothic year» took place in «an epoch of Menofres». As have shown calculations, this year coincides with 1321 BCE (that is will defend from 139 CE on 1460).

This date is defined by shift of a civil Egyptian calendar for 1 day (as Egyptians to Pharaoh Ptolemy III Everget did not have a leap-year in 366 days and consequently each four years there was a shift of a calendar for 1 full day); thus, that 365 days sothic a cycle could collect, it was required 1460; in this time Helio ascension of Sirius has reached in 1321 BCE the same point, as in 139 CE.

On key sothic 1321 (or 1320) year BCE is necessary date of the Second Flood as a result of eruption of a volcano of Sartorius). It «Dardanov the Flood-flooding» 1320 (or 1321) BCE when as a result of the earthquake caused by explosion of a volcano Santorin in Aegean sea, waters of Aegean sea "have dug" passage Dardanelles literally.

Thus the water level in Black sea has risen more than on 120 meters, and the coastal line of the sea has receded on the North more than on 200 km having formed estuaries and sea of Azov. About Dardanov (Dardanelle) Flood as marks Asov A.I., «informed Diodor Sicilian that it has been caused by break of waters through passage Dardanelles».

After explosion of a volcano Santorin in 1320 (or 1321) BCE all civilization of Crete (Krito-Mycenaean culture) which can be identified with Atlantis conditionally was lost. At Gerodot in its "Poligimnii" it is noticed that «through three generations [approximately in 100 years] after death of tsar Minosa Trojan war» in 1232÷1192 BCE has begun.

"Ancient" Troy, in this sense, could be a part of the lost Atlantis flooded with waters of again formed Black sea, bordering in the West with Terrene, and practically its successor (from data of the Egyptian priests from Sais Solon about  destruction of Atlantis, which not beyond Gibraltar, and on coast of Triton lake and passage Bosporus).

After falling of Troy Enei with the tribe has moved to Etruria on border with Latinas and has accepted a new name "Julius". Julius also became the founder of a sort Julius’. Guy Julius Caesar under history data was proud of an accessory to this sort.

On key Sothic 2781 BCE was necessary introductions sothic calendar in Egypt as the first year of board of Pharaoh Menes, the first Pharaoh of incorporated Egypt, as the states, dates of creation of the First Dynasty of Pharaohs of Egypt.

The effect of a certain orientation of mine of the Great Pyramid could be observed only in 2500 BCE from 12960th years of Half-year of Great Astronomical Year of 12960 on an example of movement of constellation of Orion on a firmament. Within 12960th years the constellation of Orion makes movement from the lowermost position over horizon of a plateau of Giza in 10500 BCE before the highest position over horizon in 2460 CE.

Direction of mines of the Egyptian pyramids on certain, particularly visible stars within a century 2500 BCE define date of a construction of these Egyptian pyramids and the Sphinx (Lion) in time of the Fourth Dynasty of Pharaohs. And this time in turn confirms the most probable date of Reform of the Calendar in Egypt in 2781 BCE.

For date of the First Bible Flood [the Mesopotamia Flood or Noev the Flood], possibly, on August, 13th 3113 BCE (a time interval from the First Flood to the Crucifixion of the Christ) from which have started to conduct date of readout of the calendar of Maya (or that the same in 2395 from phantom creation of the world «from Adam to the Flood» in 5508 BCE).

The reason of the First Flood could become either earthquake, or falling of a large asteroid, probably, around the western continent (America) therefore the inclination of a terrestrial axis and continental outlines has changed.

In a number of ancient texts this process is described, how change of an inclination of the sky in relation to the earth. On a wall of one of pyramids of Maya in America there is an inscription "the Small Moon [possibly, an asteroid, commensurable on the size with the big Moon] has broken". In the Chinese treatise "Huajnantszy" this event is described so: "the Heavenly arch has broken, terrestrial have broken. The sky has tilted on the northwest. The sun and stars have moved. The Earth in the southeast has appeared incomplete and consequently waters and silt have directed there.

In those far times four poles have collapsed, nine continents have broken up. Fire blazed without ceasing, waters (tsunami) stormed without running low ". A terrestrial axis probably then has got modern whirlabout movement on an ellipse, (which modern scientists name« the period precession »).

Historians know about two hundred various phantom versions of "date of creation of the world". Most known of them an essence 19 following: 5969 BCE ("Antioch", or "date of creation of the world on Pheophil"), on May, 25th 5493 BCE, 5472, 5624 BCE (different reference points of so-called "Alexandria" dating or "an Era Annian"), 4004 BCE (Jewish, Asher), 5872 BCE (dating "70 interpreters"), 4174 BCE (on M. Nostradamus), on January, 1st 4713 or 4758 BCE (Joseph Scaliger), 4700 BCE (Samaric), 3761 BCE (Judaic modern), 3941 BCE (Hieronim), 3952 BCE (Bede), 5500 BCE (Hippolit and Julius Afrikansky's Sixths), 5515 BCE (Pheophil), 5507 BCE (Pheophil), 5199 BCE (Eusevy Kesarisky) and 5551 BCE (Sacred Augustine), on September, 1st 5509 BCE - the Byzantium era from «world creation» (it was used in Russia to 1700), 5504 BC - the Bulgarian era from «World Creation».

The most known is phantom date 5508 BCE (the second "Byzantium"). It is having calculated ostensibly from astronomical conditions прецессии axes of rotation of the Earth. But do not inform, what this calculation concerns the event of "date of creation of the World». This "unique" astronomical event repeats "is cyclically unique" everyone 25750 as before this "unique" date (5508 BCE), and the unlimited number of times (see more low) will repeat further after it.

Therefore we in our practical activities should lean against real events of history and to consider 3633 WC = 1876 BCE (or BC) real (instead of phantom), key year of modern history of Mankind. This year Jew have appeared in the Egyptian slavery which 430 years till 4063 WC = 1446 BCE (BC) [1876BCE-430=1446 BCE] proceeded. During the beginning of slavery of Jews is in Egypt Pharaoh Senusret III (1878 BCE ÷ 1839 BCE) corrected.

It was the Fifth monarch of 12 Dynasty of the Middle Kingdom. [Pharaoh Senusret III (also written as Senwosret III or Sesostris III) was a Pharaoh of Egypt. He ruled from 1878 BCE to 1839 BCE, and was the fifth monarch of the Twelfth Dynasty of the Middle Kingdom.].

In 1446 BCE from date of the first full moon after day of a spring equinox the Exodes of Jews (Passover, Easter or Pesah) from the Egyptian slavery has begun. Readout of calendar time of modern history of Mankind has from this point on begun. The description of this epoch-making event is Tory-Bible-Pentateuch Moses central part. From this point on Jew is having taken place, as the independent nation. For the first time they had a national Leader - Messiah in person Moses.

 In 1446 BCE [4062WC=5508WC-1446BCE], in Egypt of rules the aggressive, severe and artful anti-semite Pharaoh Thutmosis III [Tuìtmos III, Pharaoh of Egypt 1479-1425 BCE, 18th Dynasty], the Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt, «Napoleon Ancient of the World» (1479 ÷ 1425 BCE) from XVIII dynasty of the New Kingdom. Egypt at that time was in a condition of civil war between supporters and opponents [«pro» and «contra»] of lawful Pharaoh Hatshepsut and her stepson Tuìtmos III supported by party of priests that in the end-ends has compelled to leave Jews the Egypt which has become by it hostile after physical elimination of the lawful governor of Pharaoh-woman Hatshepsut (1479-1458 BCE) which was stepmother Tuìtmos III and which was held in respect and also support at Jews. Purely objectively, the Exodes of Jews, in Egypt has ended the epoch of Giksos-conquerors which from outside the authorities absolutely patronised Jews, being their relatives.